What Is Roofing?

Roofing Columbus GA is the construction and maintenance of a structure that forms the uppermost covering of a building. It provides protection from rain, snow, sunlight, and other weather conditions.


An old, worn roof can leave a home exposed to moisture problems that lead to mildew, mold, and rotting wood. Replacing a roof can improve a home’s energy efficiency, durability, and weather protection.

The roof is the first layer of protection in a home, protecting against sunlight, rain, and snow. The roofing materials a homeowner chooses can have a major impact on the performance of their building and its lifespan. There are a wide range of roofing materials available today, each with its own advantages.

The most popular and economical roofing material on homes is asphalt shingles, which can last 20 to 30 years. They are available in a variety of colors and come in either a solid or blended look, and they can add value to a house. A more expensive option is an architectural shingle, which is thicker than three-tab shingles and creates a layered look on a roof. These shingles are usually guaranteed for 15 to 30 years and add to a home’s curb appeal.

Metal roofing has experienced a resurgence in recent years due to its durability and environmentally friendly construction. It can stand up to harsh climates and resist rot and mildew. It is typically installed with sheathing and a watertight weather barrier, and a self-sealing ice and water guard membrane can be used in cold-weather regions. Metal roofing is lightweight and can often be laid over existing shingles, which may save on installation costs.

Wood shingles (or shakes) are another time-honored roofing material, with a history that goes back centuries. They are a sturdy, protective choice for moderate climate zones and can provide a traditional, rustic appearance for a home. These are generally a durable option that is low-maintenance and easy to repair. They can be damaged by wind and hail, but they dry quickly and are resistant to rotting.

Slate is a premium roofing material for upscale homes. It offers an old-timey feel that is difficult to replicate with other materials, and it can be very durable with a life span of up to 100 years. However, it is heavy and requires a skilled tradesperson to install, and it can be expensive.

Concrete tiles are a heavier option than clay tile, and they can last for about 50 to 75 years. They offer a high level of durability and are fire-resistant, but they can absorb moisture and require regular maintenance.

Roofing Installation

Roofing is the construction and installation of the uppermost part of a building or structure to provide protection against rain, snow, sunlight, wind and extremes of temperature. Roofs can be constructed in a wide variety of forms, ranging from flat to pitched or vaulted, and may be made of a single material or of a combination of materials. Felt is used as an underlayment for many types of roofing. It is designed to maintain or increase the roof’s Class A fire rating. Depending on the region, building codes may require that underlayment be used beneath certain types of roofing.

Few homeowners would argue that a sturdy, weather-tight roof is one of the most important elements of their homes. Not only does a quality roof protect the people inside from the elements, but it also enhances the overall appearance of a property.

Unfortunately, reroofing is not an easy project for any homeowner to tackle on their own. Whether the job is small or large, it’s crucial to work with a qualified contractor who can ensure that the roofing materials are properly installed. Some manufacturers, like GAF, offer credentialed contractors who have been trained to install their products. Choosing a manufacturer-affiliated contractor can help avoid the problems that often result from multiple manufacturers passing blame for faulty workmanship.

Roofing Repair

Re-roofing can be expensive. But if your roof is nearing the end of its lifespan, and you’re experiencing minor leaks or other issues, it might make sense to opt for a recovering rather than a complete replacement. However, it’s important to remember that re-roofing only replaces the outer layers of your roof — not any damaged underlayment or weatherstripping. If your roof is uneven because of curled shingles, for example, it will look worse with a new surface material applied over top. A solid, updated roof protects the occupants of your home from harsh weather and other elements. A sturdy roof also keeps moisture out of the house and prevents mold growth.

Roofing Maintenance

Performing regular roofing maintenance allows for the detection of small problems and their repair before they become major issues that require costly repairs. It also helps to reduce energy costs by sealing gaps where air may be escaping or entering the building. During roof inspections, professional roofers can check for leaks, missing or damaged shingles, and ice dams on the underside of the roof. They can also inspect the flashing, the metal strip that seals around chimneys and where different components of the roof meet. They can also re-caulk and replace the underlayment, the paper or synthetic sheets that provide weather protection atop the sheathing or decking, which is usually made of oriented strand board or plywood.

In addition, roofers can trim tree limbs that hang too close to the home to prevent damage during heavy storms or natural disasters. They can also install ridge vents or vented soffits to improve attic airflow, which reduces moisture buildup. Finally, roofers can scrub down the roof with a brush or hose and apply a moss killer to prevent the growth of moss and algae, which can damage shingles over time.